Technical data
Type 'Strana Sovetov' (Country of Soviets)
Function Record aircraft, on wheels Record aircraft, on floats
Year 1929
Crew 4
Engines 2*500/680hp BMW-VI
Length 18.0m18.9m
Wingspan 28.7m28.7m
Wing area 120m2 120m2
Empty weight 4630kg 5130kg
Loaded weight 7928kg 7989kg
Wing Load (kg/m2) 66.1 66.6
Power load (kg/hp) 7.93 7.99
Speed at 0m 207km/h 190km/h
Landing Speed 90km/h 90km/h
Ceiling 3600m 3500m

"Strana Sovetov" by A.N.Tupolev

50k b/w "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.1 p.371

Two of series TB-1/ANT-4 were stripped of military equipment. Otherwise identical to service aircraft, they were used for record flights under same designation 'Strana Sovetov' (Country of The Soviets). An epic flight Moscow - New York was performed in 1929.

First attempt failed (August 8, 1929) when aircraft crash-landed in wooded area (TAIGA) near Chita. Crew was not hurt, and second aircraft was used to accomplish the mission. Here are the key people to perform this flight:

Total 21,242km (Moscow - Omsk - Khabarovsk - Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskij - Attu Island - Seattle - San-Francisco - New York) were covered in 137 flight hours. While crossing the ocean, 'Strana Sovetov' was installed on floats from the JuG-1 (with extended nose section to accommodate large weight of ANT-4).

84k b/w photo from 'Technica Vozdushnogo Flota' magazine (1930th!), courtesy of Sergey V. Andreev

International appearance of this aircraft triggered production of monoplane bombers all over the world.


TB-1/ANT-4 Series

  • "History of aircraft construction in the USSR", Vol.1 p.373;
  • ...

  • Created April 17, 1998 Back to
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